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Welcome /  Blog /  2019-05-doc5 Antwoord op open consultatie Rechten werknemers bij overgang onderneming in faillissement

2019-05-doc5 Antwoord op open consultatie Rechten werknemers bij overgang onderneming in faillissement

De Nederlandse wetgever zend eind mei 2019 een open consultatie uit tot wijziging Boek 7 Burgerlijk Wetboek en enige andere wetten in verband met de introductie van een regeling betreffende de rechten van de werknemer bij overgang van een onderneming in faillissement. Zij wil een nieuwe regeling ingevoeren betreffende de positie van werknemers in faillissement, in het bijzonder ten aanzien van de rechten van een werknemer bij een overgang van onderneming in faillissement.
Voor de open consultatie, zie https://www.internetconsultatie.nl/overgang_van_onderneming_in_faillissement
In september 2017 hebben prof. Stephan Madaus (Universiteit van Halle, Duitsland) en ik ons rapport 'Instrument of the European Law Institute - Rescue of Business in Insolvency Law' aan het European Law Institute (ELI) (http://www.europeanlawinstitute.eu/) aangeboden. Het is toen door alle organen binnen het ELI unaniem aanvaard. Het bevat 115 aanbevelingen, die door auteurs in diverse landen al zijn opgepikt en waarvan er één mede Engelse voorstellen bepaalt, zie https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/736163/ICG_-_Government_response_doc_-_24_Aug_clean_version__with_Minister_s_photo_and_signature__AC.pdf.
Madaus en ik vragen de Nederlandse regering (de verantwoordelijke ministeries van Justitie en Veiligheid en Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid) aandacht voor de negen aanbevelingen die wij ten aanzien van 'arbeid' doen. Deze steunen mede op rechtsvergelijkend onderzoek in ruim tien Europese landen en richten zich ook op de situatie dat een bedrijf zich 'in the likelihood' van insolventie bevindt. De aanbevelingen luiden als volgt:
Labour, benefit and pension issues
Recommendation 5.01: Member States ensure that employees and workers’ councils receive timely notice about an imminent restructuring or insolvency.
Recommendation 5.02: Employment contracts should not end automatically upon the commencement of (pre-)insolvency proceedings. Member States should ensure that such contracts enjoy full labour law protection outside of formal insolvency proceedings while being treated under the applicable rules for executory contracts in insolvency proceedings.
Recommendation 5.03: Member States provide for a default continuation rule combined with the right of the insolvency practitioner or the debtor in possession to terminate employment contracts within a short period.
Recommendation 5.04: Labour law protection, including special protection for pregnant or ill employees, should only be applicable outside of formal insolvency proceedings. In formal restructuring proceedings, any redundancies should be required to follow from the necessities of the rescue strategy pursued by the restructuring plan. The plan should, in principle, provide for severance payments.
Recommendation 5.05: Employees whose employment contract was terminated in the course of formal insolvency proceedings, should be free to conclude a new contract with any employer available. Neither contractual non-competition clauses nor statutory non-competition rules should apply unless the employee receives adequate protection or compensation.
Recommendation 5.06: Member States should provide that, whenever a specific number of employees in an establishment are likely to be affected by a restructuring plan or a liquidation (including a business transfer), a representative should have a right to represent and to protect their interest by participating in formal restructuring and liquidation proceedings (e.g. in a creditors’ committee).
Recommendation 5.07: The protection of unpaid salary claims can be achieved by treating them as preferred claims or even administrative expenses in a formal procedure. Where a cost-efficient guarantee institution exists, Member States should ensure rely on it and ensure that it covers as much unpaid salary as possible and allows for a timely payment to employees.
Recommendation 5.08: The European Commission is invited to conduct an overall comparative study on the laws relating to the treatment and protection of pension-related contribution and claims in case of an (imminent) insolvency of the contributing employer that includes all relevant aspects of EU rules as well as substantive national pension, labour, and insolvency law.
Recommendation 5.09: Member States should ensure that individual or occupational pension schemes are to be restricted to indirect pension schemes which either use (insolvency-remote) third parties or are protected by a guarantee scheme. The restructuring of pension entitlements from a direct pension scheme should only be possible where a guarantee protection scheme is in place.